Thursday, 13 October 2016

Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar In Non Diabetics

How is hyperglycemia diagnosed :

A random blood glucose test may be done at any time of day to test the amount of sugar in your blood.
A fasting plasma glucose tests the amount of sugar in your blood after you have fasted for 8 hours.
An oral glucose tolerance test checks how much your blood sugar level increases over a few hours. After you have fasted for 8 hours, you are given a glucose drink. Your blood sugar level is checked after 1 hour and again 2 hours after you drink the glucose. Healthcare providers look at how much your blood sugar level increases from the first check.
An A1c test shows the average amount of sugar in your blood over the past 2 to 3 months.
How is hyperglycemia treated?
Treatment depends on your blood sugar level. You may need any of the following:

Hypoglycemic medicine helps to decrease the amount of sugar in your blood. This medicine helps your body move the sugar to your cells, where it is needed for energy. Your healthcare provider will tell you how often to take this medicine and how long to take it.
Insulin helps to decrease the amount of sugar in your blood. You may need 1 or more shots of insulin each day. You or a family member will be taught how to give the insulin shots. Your healthcare provider will tell you how often you need to inject insulin each day. He will also tell you how long you will need to take it.
What are the risks of hyperglycemia?
Treatment may cause your blood sugar level to become too low. The levels of your electrolytes (minerals) may become too high or too low. For example, your potassium level may decrease.
Without treatment, high blood sugar levels can lead to severe dehydration. If you have surgery, you may develop an infection in your surgery wound, or it may not heal well. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. The clot may travel to your heart or brain and cause life-threatening problems, such as a heart attack or stroke. Hyperglycemia may cause pancreatitis. Hyperglycemia can also lead to diabetes. Hyperglycemia can damage your nerves, veins, arteries, and organs over time. Damage to arteries may increase your risk for a heart attack or stroke.
How can I manage my hyperglycemia?
Ask your healthcare provider about these and other ways to help lower your blood sugar level or keep it steady:

Exercise regularly. This can help to lower your blood sugar levels. It can also improve your heart health and help you stay at a healthy weight. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise 5 days each week. Ask your healthcare provider about the best exercise plan for you.
Lose weight if you are overweight. Even a small loss of 5% to 10% of your body weight can help to decrease your blood sugar levels. Weight loss can also improve your heart health.
Eat healthy foods. Include foods that are high in fiber, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and beans. Also include foods that are low in fat, such as low-fat dairy (milk, yogurt, and cheese), fish, and lean meat. Limit foods that are high in calories and sugar, such as sweet desserts, potato chips, and candy. Limit foods that are high in sodium, such as table salt and salty foods. Your healthcare provider may suggest that you limit carbohydrates to lower your blood sugar levels.
Do not smoke. If you smoke, it is never too late to quit. Smoking can worsen the problems that can occur with hyperglycemia. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you need help quitting.
Limit alcohol. Women should limit alcohol to 1 drink a day. Men should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day. A drink of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1½ ounces of liquor.
Do I need to check my blood sugar level?You may need to check your blood sugar level with a blood glucose meter. If you take insulin, you may need to check your blood sugar level at least 3 times each day. Ask your healthcare provider when and how often to check during the day. Ask what your blood sugar levels should be before and after you eat. You may need to check for ketones in your urine if your blood sugar level is high. Write down your results and show them to your healthcare provider.

High Blood Pressure For Non Diabetics :

When should I contact my healthcare provider?
You have a fever.
Your blood sugar levels continue to be higher than you were told they should be.
You continue to urinate more often than usual.
You continue to be more thirsty than usual.
You continue to have nausea and vomiting.
You have a wound that has signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, and pus.
You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

High Blood Pressure Effects

Blood glucose is commonly considered too high if it is higher than 130 mg/dl before a meal or higher than 180 mg/dl two hours after the first bite of a meal. However, most of the signs and symptoms of high blood glucose don’t appear until the blood glucose level is higher than 250 mg/dl. Some of the symptoms have a rapid onset, while others require a long period of high blood glucose to set in.It’s important to note that individuals differ in their sensitivity to the effects of high blood glucose: Some people feel symptoms more quickly or more strongly than others. But each sign or symptom has a biological underpinning, or a specific cause behind the effect.Hyperglycemia can be acute or chronic. Acute hyperglycemialasts only briefly and is often the result of a high-carbohydrate meal, a missed dose of medicine, stress, or illness. Chronic hyperglycemia, on the other hand, is a state of long-term elevated blood glucose. It is often the result of undiagnosed diabetes or of an inadequate diabetes treatment regimen. Chronic hyperglycemia is arguably the more dangerous of the two, as long-term elevated blood glucose has a toxic effect on the body’s tissues. In fact, some of the signs of high blood glucose are actually the aftermath of cellular damage caused by high blood glucose.

High Blood Pressure Negative Effects :

The classic symptoms of high blood glucose are polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. In plain English, that means excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger. Any doctor who hears this trio of complaints will reach for a blood glucose meter. But often, the person experiencing these symptoms doesn’t notice them right away. This is partly because they often creep up on a person in a gradual fashion, and partly because the signs and symptoms of high blood glucose aren’t well known among people who don’t have diabetes – or don’t know they have diabetes.

Here’s what’s behind these classic three symptoms:

Excessive urination. Polyuria is the result of a runaway biological and chemical chain reaction that feeds on itself. It starts in the blood, where high glucose concentrations osmotically pull intracellular fluid into the bloodstream. This is the body’s attempt to equalize the concentration of glucose in the blood with the concentration in the cells. By diluting the blood with intracellular fluid, the body brings the glucose concentration of the blood closer to normal. Initially, this increases the fluid volume of the blood while dehydrating the cells.

High BP Effects :

Meanwhile, in the kidneys, a related dysfunction is brewing. Normally, the kidneys serve as filters, removing waste products and returning cleansed fluid back to the body. The return of the cleansed fluid – or reabsorption of fluid – takes place in the renal tubules, the internal structure of the million or so filtering nephrons in each kidney. However, when the glucose concentration of the fluid entering the nephrons exceeds 250 mg/dl, the reabsorption capacity of the renal tubules is blocked, triggering what is known as osmotic diuresis –a discharge of large amounts of urine. Until the glucose levels are normalized, the renal tubules can’t regain the ability to absorb fluids.